The following blog is the information on the general guidelines for high-rise buildings. As each building is unique, you may learn about the approved “fire safety plan” specifically designed for a building.
“High-rise buildings” are the one who are seven stories or more in height or, more specifically, the floor level of the high story of which major occupancy is more than 18 meters above the grade.
1.High-Rise Buildings Are Designed To Be Safe:
A. As per a Fire Protection Contractor in Australia, high-rise buildings are designed to be more fire-safe in an average single-family dwelling. Ceiling and floors are constructed with fire-resistant materials and are separated into the fire compartments. The compartments act to be the barriers to resist the fire from spreading. Walls, floors, and ceilings that provide the barrier against the spread of fire and suite doors should be closed automatically to protect the openings.
B. The high-rise buildings do have interior fire-separated stairwell shafts. The signs must be posted within the stairwells that indicate that the floor level which is not accessible. Keep the stairwell doors closed at the times that preserve the safety of these escape stairs. Every floor has access to at least two separate exit stairways that provide a protected path to the exterior.
C. High-Rise buildings would contain fire alarm systems designed to alert occupants while they are activated. The types of fire alarm devices include smoke detectors, sprinklers, thermal detectors, and the clash detections help it be indicated previously. The fire alarm systems provide early warning to occupants of the fire conditions.
D. The high-rise buildings give voice communication systems; the supervisory personnel uses them to announce the fire conditions and locations.
E. Some of the high-rise buildings have sprinklers to put the water directly on the source of the fire. The buildings contain the standpipe systems, an interior water supply system of the hose cabinets of each floor used by the firefighters. The buildings also have portable fire extinguishers in the cabinets.
2. Fire Safety Begins:
Let’s learn what to do if the fire happens in your building.
A. Talk to the landlord, building manager, or superintendent.
B. You should know the emergency process outlined in the building’s fire safety planning.
D. Every fire is different. It will help if you act while you discover the fire or hear the alarm.
E. It is essential to know the people die from smoke, and not of fire.
The high-rise buildings are designed to be fire-safe. But, they might contain many people, and since the building’s of tremendous size, the emergency response is quite challenging with the significant potential incidents.
Right to the device limitations, firefighters might not be able to rescue the people from outside the balcony or windows above the seventh floor. A rooftop helicopter rescue might be too dangerous. The firefighters are well aware of the required firefighting and rescue tactics.
3. If There Is A Fire In Your Suite:
If there is a fire in your suite, it’s not safe to be staying inside! You should stay away from the poisonous smoke!
A. Everybody should evacuate immediately.
B. All doors must be closed but not locked.
C. Pull the red fire alarm to pull the station next to the stairwell on the floor and yell “fire.”
D. Leave the building using the nearest exit stairway.
E. Do not use the exit stairway.
F. Doors to the roofs are locked, and you may become trapped.
G. You should call the fire department at 911 from a safe location.
H. Meet the firefighters while they had arrived and tell them where the fire is.
I. Once you are out of the fire, you should stay out.
J. Don’t go back into the building till the fire department tells you it’s safe.
4. When you hear The Building Fire Alarm:
It’s vital to stay in your suite until you are rescued or told to leave.
A. If the fire is NOT in your suite, you are typically safe to remain there. Your suite ceilings, floors, and walls are composed of non-combustible construction and can protect you from fire and smoke.
B. You can keep the smoke from entering your suite, using duct tape to seal the cracks around the doors, and place wet towels at the bottom. The air ducts or seal vents the same way.
If the smoke does not start to enter your suite you should be unable to evacuate.
A. Call the fire department at 911 and tell them when you are and then move to the balcony. The doors should be closed.
B. If you don’t have a balcony, you should go to the smoke-free room, close the door and seal them with towels and wide tape. If required, open the window for fresh air.
C. By keeping low on the floor where the air is cleaned.
D. You must listen to the instructions from the authorities.
5. High-Rise Survival Kit:
A Fire Protection Contractor in Australia should recommend the high-rise survival kit for the tenants of the high buildings. You may purchase the following list of items. By keeping the items available for emergency use might the chances of surviving the fire will be higher.
A. Wet Towel: You may place it at the base of the door
B. Duct Tape: Tape it over the door and vent openings
C. Foil Wrap: Use to cover the vent openings
D. Flashlight: Use this in the case of a power failure, smoke, or to the signal for help.